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【中国中医药报】让中医药成为群众促进健康的文化自觉

发布者:宣(xuan)传部发布时间(jian):2020-10-08浏览次数:

2021年2月,国(guo)务院办公厅印发(fa)《关(guan)于加快(kuai)中(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)特色发(fa)展的若干政(zheng)策措施(shi)》提出,切实加强中(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)宣(xuan)传,使中(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)成为(wei)群众促(cu)进健康的文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)自(zi)觉。同年,国(guo)家中(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)管理局、中(zhong)央宣(xuan)传部(bu)、教育部(bu)、国(guo)家卫生健康委(wei)、国(guo)家广(guang)电(dian)总局联(lian)合印发(fa)的《中(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)传播(bo)行动(dong)实施(shi)方(fang)案(an)(2021—2025年)》,部(bu)署(shu)推动(dong)“十四五”时(shi)期中(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)传承弘(hong)扬工作,为(wei)中(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)振兴发(fa)展注(zhu)入文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)动(dong)力。

中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)药学(xue)是(shi)(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华民族(zu)的(de)(de)(de)伟(wei)大(da)(da)创造,是(shi)(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)古代科学(xue)的(de)(de)(de)瑰宝(bao),也是(shi)(shi)打(da)开中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华文明(ming)宝(bao)库的(de)(de)(de)钥匙(chi),为(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华民族(zu)繁衍(yan)生(sheng)息作出(chu)(chu)(chu)了巨大(da)(da)贡献,对(dui)世(shi)界文明(ming)进(jin)步产生(sheng)了积极影(ying)响(xiang)。在(zai)几(ji)千年的(de)(de)(de)历史发展中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),面对(dui)瘟(wen)疫(yi),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华民族(zu)能(neng)一(yi)次次转危为(wei)安(an),靠的(de)(de)(de)就(jiu)是(shi)(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)药。面对(dui)新(xin)(xin)冠(guan)肺炎疫(yi)情(qing)“大(da)(da)考”,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)药交出(chu)(chu)(chu)了一(yi)份(fen)出(chu)(chu)(chu)色答(da)卷。《抗击新(xin)(xin)冠(guan)肺炎疫(yi)情(qing)的(de)(de)(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)行动》白(bai)皮书(shu)指(zhi)出(chu)(chu)(chu):“中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)药参与救治确(que)诊(zhen)病例(li)的(de)(de)(de)占比达到(dao)92%。湖北省(sheng)确(que)诊(zhen)病例(li)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)药使用(yong)(yong)率和总有效(xiao)率超过(guo)90%。”更(geng)令人(ren)感动的(de)(de)(de)是(shi)(shi),一(yi)批批中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)药工作者白(bai)衣执(zhi)甲、逆(ni)行出(chu)(chu)(chu)征,用(yong)(yong)实(shi)际行动诠释了“大(da)(da)医(yi)精(jing)诚”的(de)(de)(de)文化(hua)理念(nian)和职业(ye)精(jing)神。事实(shi)上,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)药早已融(rong)(rong)入中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)人(ren)的(de)(de)(de)生(sheng)活方式,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)药文化(hua)也早已融(rong)(rong)入中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)人(ren)的(de)(de)(de)血脉。

让(rang)(rang)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)成为(wei)群众(zhong)促进健(jian)(jian)康(kang)的(de)(de)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)自觉,必须(xu)充(chong)分发挥中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)在维护和促进人民健(jian)(jian)康(kang)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)独特(te)作用,让(rang)(rang)群众(zhong)信(xin)服(fu)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)。要(yao)坚(jian)持(chi)以(yi)疗(liao)(liao)(liao)效说话,疗(liao)(liao)(liao)效就是(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)的(de)(de)“立(li)身之(zhi)本”。一方(fang)面要(yao)彰显(xian)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)在疾病(bing)治(zhi)疗(liao)(liao)(liao)和特(te)色(se)康(kang)复中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)优势,大(da)力(li)发展中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)骨(gu)伤(shang)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)肛肠、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)儿科、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)妇科、针灸、推拿(na)以(yi)及(ji)心脑(nao)血管(guan)病(bing)、肾病(bing)、周围血管(guan)病(bing)等专科专病(bing),在做(zuo)优中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)总结形(xing)成诊疗(liao)(liao)(liao)方(fang)案,在做(zuo)强中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)巩固(gu)并带动(dong)特(te)色(se)发展,同(tong)时大(da)力(li)提升(sheng)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)特(te)色(se)康(kang)复能力(li)。另一方(fang)面要(yao)强化(hua)(hua)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)在疾病(bing)预(yu)防中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)作用,结合(he)健(jian)(jian)康(kang)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国行动(dong),强化(hua)(hua)“治(zhi)未(wei)病(bing)”理(li)念,大(da)力(li)普及(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)养生保(bao)健(jian)(jian)知识和中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)导引(如八段锦(jin))等养生保(bao)健(jian)(jian)方(fang)法(fa),促进群众(zhong)养成健(jian)(jian)康(kang)、科学的(de)(de)工作和生活方(fang)式。

让中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)成为群(qun)众(zhong)(zhong)促进健(jian)康的(de)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)自觉(jue),必须(xu)推动(dong)(dong)(dong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)融(rong)入群(qun)众(zhong)(zhong)生产(chan)生活(huo)。让群(qun)众(zhong)(zhong)接受(shou)(shou)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao),需要(yao)(yao)大力开(kai)展中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)传(chuan)(chuan)(chuan)播行动(dong)(dong)(dong),深入推动(dong)(dong)(dong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)广泛(fan)、科学、有序传(chuan)(chuan)(chuan)播。这既要(yao)(yao)在中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)供给(ji)上(shang)(shang)下(xia)功(gong)夫,也要(yao)(yao)在群(qun)众(zhong)(zhong)性活(huo)动(dong)(dong)(dong)多样化(hua)(hua)上(shang)(shang)下(xia)功(gong)夫。以(yi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)宣传(chuan)(chuan)(chuan)教(jiao)育基(ji)地为基(ji)础,遴选建设(she)一(yi)(yi)(yi)批(pi)融(rong)健(jian)康养(yang)生知识(shi)、养(yang)生保健(jian)体(ti)验、休闲(xian)娱乐于一(yi)(yi)(yi)体(ti)的(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)体(ti)验场馆,丰富中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)服务供给(ji);要(yao)(yao)广泛(fan)开(kai)展群(qun)众(zhong)(zhong)性中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)活(huo)动(dong)(dong)(dong),运用群(qun)众(zhong)(zhong)喜闻乐见(jian)的(de)传(chuan)(chuan)(chuan)播手段和(he)具(ju)有广泛(fan)参(can)与度的(de)实践路径(jing),普(pu)及中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)健(jian)康养(yang)生知识(shi)、方法,传(chuan)(chuan)(chuan)播中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)理念,提升中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)影响(xiang)力;要(yao)(yao)充分利(li)用新技术新应用,支持推出一(yi)(yi)(yi)批(pi)针对不同受(shou)(shou)众(zhong)(zhong)的(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)产(chan)品,创作一(yi)(yi)(yi)批(pi)承载中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)内(nei)涵的(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)题材纪录片(pian)、动(dong)(dong)(dong)漫、短视频等文(wen)(wen)艺作品,讲好(hao)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)(yao)故事(shi)。

让(rang)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)成(cheng)为(wei)群众促进(jin)(jin)健康的(de)文(wen)(wen)化自觉,必(bi)须推动中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化贯穿国民教育始终。坚定中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化自信(xin),需要(yao)(yao)从(cong)娃娃抓起。要(yao)(yao)推动中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化进(jin)(jin)校园,将(jiang)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)基(ji)础知识纳(na)入(ru)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)小学传(chuan)统文(wen)(wen)化、生(sheng)理(li)卫生(sheng)课程,让(rang)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化在青少年(nian)的(de)心中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)生(sheng)根(gen)发芽,促进(jin)(jin)青少年(nian)养(yang)成(cheng)良好生(sheng)活习惯(guan),增(zeng)强民族(zu)文(wen)(wen)化自信(xin),从(cong)而使中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化薪(xin)火相传(chuan)、生(sheng)生(sheng)不息。同时,还要(yao)(yao)大力推进(jin)(jin)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化进(jin)(jin)社区(qu)、进(jin)(jin)乡村、进(jin)(jin)家(jia)庭,用(yong)群众喜(xi)闻(wen)乐见的(de)形(xing)式解(jie)读(du)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao),让(rang)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)文(wen)(wen)化深入(ru)人心,形(xing)成(cheng)全社会信(xin)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)、爱中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)、用(yong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)的(de)浓厚(hou)氛围和共同发展中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药(yao)(yao)的(de)良好格局。

总(zong)之,让(rang)中(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药成为(wei)群(qun)众促进健康(kang)的文(wen)化(hua)(hua)自(zi)觉,既(ji)需(xu)高站(zhan)位,也需(xu)接地气(qi);既(ji)需(xu)遵循(xun)规律,也需(xu)创新创造(zao)。一方面要从(cong)坚定(ding)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)自(zi)信、推(tui)进健康(kang)中(zhong)国的战略高度出发,以更高的站(zhan)位、更大(da)的力度在造(zao)福人类健康(kang)中(zhong)擦(ca)亮(liang)中(zhong)医(yi)(yi)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)瑰宝,传承好中(zhong)华优(you)秀(xiu)传统文(wen)化(hua)(hua);另一方面要加大(da)中(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药文(wen)化(hua)(hua)传播推(tui)广力度,推(tui)动(dong)(dong)中(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药文(wen)化(hua)(hua)贯穿(chuan)国民教(jiao)育,融入生(sheng)产生(sheng)活,推(tui)动(dong)(dong)中(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药健康(kang)养生(sheng)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)的创造(zao)性(xing)转化(hua)(hua)、创新性(xing)发展。(董玉节 夏(xia)侯妙卿 安(an)徽(hui)中(zhong)医(yi)(yi)药大(da)学)

来(lai)源:中国中医(yi)药报9月30日(ri)

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